#NORML #News Source: @norml @WeedConnection Posted By: firstname.lastname@example.org media :: news - Tue, 05 Feb 2019 04:20:21 PST
Study: Patients Frequently Substitute Medical Cannabis In Place Of Other Controlled Substances
Victoria, Canada: Canadian patients who consume medical cannabis products in compliance with federal law typically reduce or eliminate their use of alcohol, tobacco, and pharmaceutical drugs, according to data published in the Harm Reduction Journal.
A team of investigators from Canada and the United States surveyed over 2,000 federally registered medical cannabis patients with regard to their use of cannabis and other substances.
Authors reported, "The most commonly cited substitution was for prescription drugs (69 percent), followed by alcohol (45 percent), tobacco (31 percent), and illicit substances (27 percent)." Of those reporting substituting cannabis for conventional medications, 35 percent said that they used cannabis in place of opioids. Of these, 59 percent said that they ultimately ceased their use of opiates.
Investigators further reported: "Of the 515 respondents who substituted cannabis for alcohol, 31 percent suggested they stopped using it completely and 37 percent reported reducing [their consumption] by at least 75 percent. ... Of the 406 participants who substituted cannabis for tobacco, 51 say they stopped using it completely and 14 percent reported reducing their use by 75 percent."
They concluded, "The findings ... add to a growing body of academic research suggesting that increased regulated access to medical and recreational cannabis can result in a reduction in the use of and subsequent harms associated with opioids, alcohol, tobacco, and other substances."
Prior studies have similarly reported an association between medical cannabis access and reduced prescription drug spending, as well as decreased levels of alcohol and tobacco consumption.
Full text of the study, "Medical cannabis patterns of use and substitution for opioids & other pharmaceutical drugs, alcohol, tobacco, and illicit substances: results from a cross-sectional survey of authorized patients," appears in the Harm Reduction Journal.
Study: Medical Cannabis Access Associated With Decreased Use Of Opioids
Little Rock, AR: The enactment of medical cannabis access laws is associated with moderately lower levels of prescription opioid use, even after controlling for potentially confounding variables, according to data published in the Journal of General Internal Medicine.
A team of investigators from the University of Arkansas assessed prescription drug use data in a nationally representative sample of nearly five million Americans for the years 2006 to 2014.
In a finding that is consistent with those of several other studies, authors concluded: "Medical marijuana legalization was associated with lower odds of opioid use, chronic opioid use, and high-risk opioid use when controlling for many state-level and patient-level factors. ... These results suggest that MML (medical marijuana laws) could be one policy tool that may modestly decrease opioid use; chronic and high- risk opioid use in a landscape where pain management options are limited and opioid misuse and addiction are rising rapidly."
Observational studies have similarly reported that medical cannabis access states possess lower rates of opioid-related use, abuse, hospitalizations, and mortality as compared to jurisdictions without operating medical marijuana programs.
Full text of the study, "Impact of medical marijuana legalization on opioid use, chronic opioid use, and high-risk opioid use," appears in Journal of General Internal Medicine. Additional information is available in the NORML fact-sheet, "Relationship Between Marijuana and Opioids."
Maryland: Baltimore Prosecutor To No Longer Target Marijuana Possession Offenses
Baltimore, MD: Officials will no longer prosecute marijuana possession offenses in Baltimore, according to a newly announced public policy by the office of the State's Attorney for Baltimore City.
Under the plan, which takes immediate effect, the office will also move to expunge the criminal records of an estimated 5,000 citizens previously convicted of cannabis-related offenses. The office's decision to cease targeting minor marijuana violations is similar to actions recently taken by prosecutors in a number of other major cities, including St. Louis, Missouri; Westchester, New York; Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; and Norfolk, Virginia.
State's Attorney Marilyn Mosby said that the new policy will provide "a major step forward in making Baltimore city safer, fairer, and more equitable, and even more just."
The Office will continue to take action against felony cases involving the possession of marijuana with intent to distribute, though prosecutors will refer all first-time offenders to diversion programs.
Maine: Voter-Initiated Retail Cannabis Sales Face Further Delays
Augusta, ME: Lawmakers have once again pushed back plans to establish licensing rules and regulations to govern the commercial production and retail sale of marijuana to adults.
Voters initially approved the legalization of cannabis sales in November 2016, but lawmakers – led by former Republican Gov. Paul LePage – have repeatedly taken steps to delay the law's implementation.
On Friday, state officials rescinded a contract with the consulting group that had been hired to assist in drafting regulations to implement the law. Those regulations were anticipated to be finalized by April. Officials declined to speculate on a new timeline, according to the Associated Press.
Newly elected Gov. Janet Mills (D) is on record stating that lawmakers "must follow the will of the people [and] implement the [voter-initiated marijuana] law."
New Jersey: Opioid-Dependent Patients Now Eligible For Cannabis Therapy
Trenton, NJ: Opioid-dependent patients are now eligible to access medical marijuana under a new initiative package implemented by Democrat Gov. Phil Murphy and the Department of Health.
"We are pleased to announce that, as of today [January 23], opioid use disorder is a condition for which physicians can recommend medical marijuana to patients," Health Commissioner Dr. Shereef Elnahal said in a press release. "We are also taking steps to ensure that these patients will be on MAT [medication assisted treatment] for their addiction, in addition to marijuana.
According to a 2018 literature review published in the journal Cannabis and Cannabinoid Research, cannabis possesses the ability "to ease opioid withdrawal symptoms, reduce opioid consumption, ameliorate opioid cravings, prevent opioid relapse, improve OUD [opioid use disorder] treatment retention. ... Adjunct cannabis use alongside current treatment strategies could help to improve the number of individuals engaging in OUD treatment, as well as increase treatment retention rates."
Additional information is available in the NORML fact-sheet, "Relationship Between Marijuana and Opioids."